Thomas J. Sugrue is David Boies Professor of History and Sociology and Director of the Penn Social Science and Policy Forum at the University of Pennsylvania. His books include, The Origins of the Urban Crisis, won the Bancroft Prize and several other awards; Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North, finalist for the LA Times Book Prizeand Not Even Past: Barack Obama and the Burden of Race. He is author of dozens of articles and essays in both scholarly and popular publications, including the Journal of American History, the Journal of Urban History, the New York Times, the Wall Street JournalThe Nation, and the London Review of Books. Sugrue is currently president of the Urban History Association and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.