Dapel Zuhumnan joined the Wilson Center in June 2017 as a Wilson Center-Center for Global Development joint visiting scholar under the Early Career Engagement Programme of the Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE) Scotland, UK. Dapel is to work on two CGD-SIRE funded projects: a paper, "Oil Intensity in Nigeria: In Search of Micro-Based Evidence of the 'Curse-Effect,'" and a poverty map for Nigeria.

Dapel was awarded a PhD in Economics by the University of Dundee, Scotland UK. He previously graduated from the University of Jos in Nigeria with a bachelor's and master's degree in Economics. Following the completion of his bachelor's degree, Dapel became a high school economics tutor for the One Year Mandatory National Youth Service in South-Western Nigeria. He further served on the academic staff at the Department of Economics University of Jos while he undertook a PhD program in Economics at the University of Dundee. He was also a graduate teaching assistant at Dundee starting in January 2013. His PhD research focused on poverty mobility, inequality, and oil in Nigeria. Previously, Dapel has worked as a part-time consultant with the Policy Associates, ICRISAT, and as an adjunct lecturer at Nigerian Television Authority TV College Jos, where he taught where he taught Media and the Economy (foundations of economic analysis) to 4th year students of TV Journalism.


Project Summary

(1) To work on a paper, “Oil intensity in Nigeria: in search of micro-based evidence of the ‘curse-effect.’”

Existing cross-country empirical studies have documented the fact that, the abundance of (or dependence on) natural resources (e.g. oil) exerts a depressing effect on growth in real GDP per capita. We explore six sweeps of household surveys of Nigeria to test this hypothesis at a micro-level, using growth in household consumption expenditure as our LHS variable. To meet part of the data requirement for this exercise, since household surveys in Nigeria are not a panel, we follow Deaton (1985) to construct a pseudo panel from which our estimations and analysis are based. We investigate, (i) for evidence of the 'curse-effect' of oil and; (ii) the intervening role of governance, i.e how institutions attenuate, if at all, the extent of the 'curse-effect'. We investigate, (i) for an evidence of the 'curse-effect' of oil and; (ii) the intervening role of governance, i.e, how institution quality, if at all, attenuate, the extent of the 'curse-effect'.  

(2) To produce a poverty map for Nigeria

In its fight against poverty, the Nigerian Government is currently implementing a cash transfer program. One of the major challenges being faced with this initiative is the documentation of the target group, i.e the neediest proportion of the population, the ‘ultra-poor’ or the ‘poorest of the poor. This aspect of the project intends to address this issue. Poverty map is essential in the fight against poverty in that, it enables the identification of the ‘ultra-poor’ for anti-poverty interventions.  

Major Publications