By Susan Kaufman Purcell and John F.H. Purcell

This paper is a revised version of a paper of the same title originally presented at a Colloquium of the Wilson Center on June 1, 1977. It grew out of research that involved nearly 200 interviews with individuals in the Mexican government, the private sector and academic institutions. The research was carried out in Mexico between September 1975 and October 1976 and was supported by grants to each of the authors from the Joint Committee on the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council, and by grants to one of the authors from the Academic Senate and the Committee on Comparative International Research of the University of California, Los Angeles. Many of the ideas in this paper were developed while the authors were Fellows at the Wilson Center between November 1976 and August 1977.