After the demise of the Soviet Bloc and the democratic transitions of Eastern Europe which witnessed very dramatic changes in internal and external polices of those countries, many thought that this would be the model for the Arab world to emulate. However, it was generally thought that it would be a decade before the Arab world was ready for such a transition. Accelerating the pace of democratization it was believed, would pave the way for extremist religious parties to assume power, leading to a radical shift in the foreign policy orientation of key Arab states.It was thus believed that the international community would have to wait until any meaningful political reform could occur in the countries of the region.

But all were wrong. They have not followed the rising discontent in populations due to poverty, unemployment and above all the denial of their basic human rights and the marginalization of great segments of the society from political participation which was the privilege of the few on the top.