This Special Report examines the history, structure, and dynamics of Chinese transnational communities. Philip A. Kuhn provides an overview of migration from China from the 16th century. Sara L. Friedman examines marriages between Taiwanese and mainland Chinese spouses in the context of Taiwanese immigration regulations and national identity. Vanessa L. Fong presents the results of research on the motivations and expectations of Chinese students who choose to study in developed nations. And Kenneth J. Guest shows how New York has become a hub for Chinese immigrants traveling across the United States for work.