On August 8th, 2018 Dr. Monde Muyangwa, the Director of the Wilson Center’s Africa program, presented at the Vail Symposium on “Africa Matters: A Perspective on U.S.-Africa Relations.” Although there were four other competing events at the Vail Symposium, there were still approximately 150 people in attendance. Dr. Monde Muyangwa discussed the historical trajectory of U.S.-Africa relations and spoke to the current state of affairs; highlighting key political, economic, and security developments and trends in Africa, and assessing the challenges and opportunities offered by these developments to address why Africa matters. The purpose of the event was to counter some of the negative framing about Africa that has driven the long and complex history of engagement that the United States has with Africa, and to present key challenges and opportunities facing the continent going forward.