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El Partido Verde Ecologista de México (PVEM) - Explainer

Alexandra Helfgott

Partido Verde Ecologista de México (the Mexican Green Ecological Party), known as PVEM for its Spanish acronym, is a conservative green party whose platform centers on environmental conservation as well as combatting corruption. The party was originally founded in 1986 by Jorge Gonzalez Torres as Partido Verde Mexicano (Mexican Green Party). During the 1988 elections, it rallied alongside Cuauhtemoc Cardenas’ Frente Democrático Nacional (National Democratic Front). In 1991, the party changed its name to Partido Ecologista de México (Ecological Party of Mexico), and three years later, it became known by its current name. Throughout the 1990s, the party struggled to maintain the minimum threshold required to retain its registration and therefore,  strategically struck alliances with Mexico’s more prominent and more popular political parties. The PVEM aligned with the PAN for the 2000 election, but several conflicts during Vicente Fox’s term pushed the party to align with the PRI until 2021. In the last presidential election (2018), PVEM joined the PRI’s Todos por México (All for Mexico) coalition, but for the midterm elections in 2021, the PVEM switched allegiance and joined Morena’s Juntos Hacemos Historia (Together We Will Make History) coalition. PVEM will again join the coalition for the 2024 election cycle. 

Currently, the PVEM holds 5.6% of the seats in the Senate (7 senators in total), 2.2% of the seats in the Chamber of Deputies (11 positions in total), and one governorship (San Luis Potosí).

About the Author

Alexandra Helfgott

Alexandra Helfgott

Office of VP of Strategy and New Initiatives
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Mexico Institute

The Mexico Institute seeks to improve understanding, communication, and cooperation between Mexico and the United States by promoting original research, encouraging public discussion, and proposing policy options for enhancing the bilateral relationship. A binational Advisory Board, chaired by Luis Téllez and Earl Anthony Wayne, oversees the work of the Mexico Institute.   Read more