The death of Hugo Chavez left a gaping hole in Venezuelan politics. But even without the recently deceased charismatic leader, the movement and coalition he led was expected to maintain power with the election of his designated successor, Nicolas Maduro. But an unexpectedly close outcome has resulted in charges of election “irregularities” and the demand for a recount from opposition leader Henrique Capriles. Can the “Chavismo” movement survive without Hugo Chavez? We spoke with Latin American Program Director Cynthia Arnson to gain perspective on this and other questions.