On December 8, 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower proposed in a speech to the United Nations that nuclear nonproliferation be promoted by offering peaceful nuclear technology to countries that would renounce nuclear weapons. Today the value of that basic trade-off—atoms for peace—is in question, along with the institutions that embody it. Deployment of weapons by India and Pakistan, noncompliance with safeguards by North Korea and Iran, and the threat of nuclear terrorism have weakened the image of the Nonproliferation Treaty. And new proposals and technologies for peaceful uses of nuclear power are coming forward, though they are accompanied by the realization that 1950s hopes for nuclear energy "too cheap to meter" were unrealistic.

The twenty-five contributors to Atoms for Peace grapple in many ways with nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism, and the future of nuclear energy. They include officials and scientists from a wide range of agencies and institutions. Among them are officials or former officials from Israel, Egypt, Pakistan, Canada, Korea, and Japan, from the U.S. departments of state, energy, and defense, the U.S. Senate, the National Security Council, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations, the Nuclear Threat Initiative, MIT, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the College of William and Mary, and the University of California. Atoms for Peace also includes a set of fundamental speeches and documents relating to Atoms for Peace and its institutions.


Preface and Acknowledgments
Acronyms and Abbreviations

Mohamed El Baradei

1. Introduction
Joseph F. Pilat

Part I. The Enduring Legacy
2. Atoms for Peace at Fifty
James Schlesinger
3. Atoms for Peace and the International Atomic Energy Agency
David B. Waller
4. The Atoms-for-Peace Model and the Problem of Proliferation
Stephen G. Rademaker
5. Strengthening Nonproliferation: The Path Ahead
Mitchell B. Reiss
6. Atoms for Peace and the Future of Eisenhower’s Vision
Ambassador Jayantha Dhanapala
7. Towards Universal Nonproliferation and Disarmament
Ambassador Mohamed I. Shaker

Part II. Addressing Nuclear Proliferation
8. Atoms for Peace and the “Rogue States”
Robert S. Litwak
9. The Current Proliferation Predicament
Ariel Levite
10. Nonproliferation Efforts in Northeast Asia
Ambassador Choi Young-jin
11. Towards a Cooperative Security World: Prospects for Nonproliferation and Arms Control
Feroz Khan
12. Towards an Integrative Approach to Preventing Nuclear Terrorism
Ambassador Linton F. Brooks
13. Preventing Nuclear Terrorism
Laura S. H. Holgate
14. Second-Tier Suppliers and Their Threat to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime
Christopher F. Chyba

Part III. The Promise of Nuclear Energy
15. Atoms for Peace: Realizing the Vision
Senator Pete V. Domenici
16 The Paradox of Nuclear Power
Atsuyuki Suzuki
17 Nuclear Energy: New Challenges for the Future
Jacques Bouchard
18 A Nuclear Future Unlike the Past
Per F. Peterson
19 The Future of Nuclear Power
Richard K. Lester

Part IV. Looking to the Future
20. A New Bargain
Daniel B. Poneman
21. Atoms for Peace: Facing Emerging Challenges
Lawrence Schienman
22. The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Is It Time for a Multilateral Approach?
Tariq Rauf and Fiona Simpson
23. A Nuclear Renaissance and the Future of the Atoms-for-Peace Bargain
Joseph F. Pilat and Kory W. Budlong Sylvester
24. A Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty
Thomas E. Shea
25. Conclusions
Joseph F. Pilat


Appendix 1. Atomic Power for Peace
Appendix 2. Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency
Appendix 3. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Appendix 4. Proliferation Security Initiative: Statement of Interdiction Principles
Appendix 5. Towards a Safer World
Appendix 6. President Announces New Measures to Counter the Threat of WMD
Appendix 7. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Highlights
Appendix 8. Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Expert Group Report Submitted to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency—Executive Summary
Appendix 9. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership


"The book presents a wide range of views on nuclear and nonproliferation matters at a time when many fundamental approaches to these matters are being reconsidered. Most of the views are those on critical and rapidly evolving developments and ideas."—Scott Davis, nonproliferation expert