The confrontation between growth, water, and energy is readily visible in both the U.S. and China and is virtually certain to grow over the next decade. China does not have enough water in its energy rich and dry northern provinces to develop its immense coal reserves and expand coal-to-liquids fuel plants. Similarly, in the U. S., millions of gallons are needed to develop the deep oil and gas shale reserves of the west. Leading experts will examine the energy-water "choke points" that are tightening around the world's two largest economies and how the dilemma affects energy and environmental policy choices facing the U.S. Congress.