The inclusion of women in foreign policy-making and implementation in peace-building and post-conflict transformation is known to result in better policies for all. Yet, women remain under-represented in the field. Attempts to involve women have largely focused on top-down approaches. However, bottom-up approaches demonstrate a lot of potential, as shown by the involvement of women in Turkish-Greek and Turkish-Armenian conflict resolution processes. In which way are bottom-up approaches effective? What can we learn from previous efforts? Which lessons are applicable internationally? 


  • Zeynep Alemdar

    Professor, Okan University in Istanbul; Head,European Union Research Center