In 1987, Elena Zhemkova was a co-founder of Memorial Society.  Since 1988, she has been working as member of its Board and since 1995 as Executive Director of Memorial Historical, Educational and Human Rights Society.  Besides that, she supervises Russian-German projects and coordinates the International Memorial regional network, which contain more than 50 regional organizations from Belorussia, Germany, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, and Ukraine. Her main academic interests include the history of political repression and a comparative analysis of the Nazi and Soviet repression mechanisms. Her field of non-government interests is the development of the third sector organizations and their promotions.