History is full of surprises, so is biography. In August 1988, I entered a Ph.D. program at Beijing Foreign Studies University to specialize in Literary Translation. I was to produce an English translation of an early Chinese text of literary theory. 1988 was a time of cultural ferment in China. A comparative cultural studies program between my university and the Center for Psycho-cultural Studies in Chicago brought several distinguished American social theorists to teach us Western social theory, a remarkable thing for an institution that had mainly taught foreign languages and literatures. Then came the movement in spring 1989, and the program was discontinued. By that time, I had been attracted to Western social theory. I continued my translation, however, and got my degree in 1993. One year later, I found myself in Chapel Hill studying sociology. In the summer of 1995, a dear friend brought me to England with a fellowship from the British Academy. There I turned my translation into a book manuscript and returned to Chapel Hill ready to do a degree in sociology. In the wake of 1989, I had grown dissatisfied with preoccupying myself with an early literary text. Social theory seemed to be closer to Chinese realities. As a sociologist, I am interested in the relations among self, state and society and the ways of resisting and transforming the unequal power dynamics in these relations. My dissertation at New York University explores these issues with an empirical analysis of China's Red Guard generation and its influence on social and political change in reform-era China. In several published articles related to that research, I have explored the transformation of Red Guard identity, the politics of nostalgia among the Red Guard generation in the 1990s, and the subversive use of official commemorations for popular protest. A book manuscript based on the dissertation is under preparation.Toward the end of my dissertation writing, I discovered websites run by former Red Guards and became interested in the implications of the Internet for civil society development in China. This became my postdoctoral research project. My focus has been on Internet use among newly emerging non-governmental organizations. The rise of these new organizations coincided with the development of the Internet in China, raising intriguing questions about new possibilities of institutional transformation and democratic change in China. I have received generous support to pursue this research agenda, including grants and fellowships from the Globalization Research Center and the University Research Council of the University of Hawaii, the Social Science Research Council, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. This research has resulted in several published articles.My project at the Wilson Center flows out of this research agenda but concentrates on Internet use among China's new environmental NGOs. The China Environment Forum at the Wilson Center has played a leading role in the study of environmental NGOs in China. The Center offers the ideal intellectual environment for conducting this project.
Ph.D. (1993) Literary Translation, Beijing Foreign Studies University; Ph.D. (2000) Sociology, New York University
- Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2000- present
- Faculty, Center for Chinese Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2000-present
- Research Scholar, Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Cultures, Barnard College, 2003-05
- Consultant, Social Science Research Council Program on Information Technology, International Cooperation and Global Security, 2003
- Summer Faculty Fellow, Social Science Research Council Program on Information Technology, International Cooperation and Global Security, 2001
- Visiting Scholar, Institute of International Studies, University of California-Berkeley, Summer 2001
- Preceptor, Morse Academic Program, College of Arts and Sciences, New York University, 1998-99
- Instructor, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996
- Honorary Visiting Fellow, Department of English and Related Literature, University of York, Great Britain, 1995
Voluntary associations and NGOs in China; Internet and democracy; social movements; transnational civil society
The developments of the Internet and environmental NGOs are two important recent phenomena in China. They have attracted much academic and political interest independently, yet their interactions have not been explored. This project examines how China's environmental NGOs respond to the Internet in their efforts to solve environmental problems and achieve organizational growth. By exploring the role of the Internet in networking, mobilization, citizen education, and the politicization of environmental issues, the analysis will show that the wedding of civil society organizations with new information technologies may strengthen the institutional infrastructures for grassroots democratic participation in China.
- "The Co-evolution of the Internet and Civil Society in China," Asian Survey, vol. 43, no. 3, May/June 2003
- "China's Zhiqing Generation: Nostalgia, Identity and Cultural Resistance in the 1990s," Modern China, vol. 29, no. 3, July 2003
- "Achieving Emotions in Collective Action: Emotional Processes and Movement Mobilization in the 1989 Chinese Student Movement," The Sociological Quarterly, vol. 41, no. 4, Fall 2000