Agriculture and energy production play an enormous roles in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The agricultural sector, which accounts for 30% of GDP, is an important source of export earnings and remains the major sector absorbing the growing labor force and could be a driver for economic growth and poverty reduction. Energy, on the other hand, is widely recognized as fundamental to the development of Africa, but policies do not seem to set clear priorities stemming from African needs. This paper provides detailed analysis on the food and energy crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa through the glasses of African stakeholders, using Ghana and Senegal as case studies. It then critically examine the extent to which agrarian political struggles have been provoked by the new land investment dynamics and their consequences on energy and food security.

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