Co-edited by Nancy Peluso and Michael Watts, Violent Environments (Cornell University Press, 2001) provided a scathing critique of influential approaches to environmental security as well as an alternative to those approaches based in political ecology. In particular, Peluso, Watts, and their authors targeted the influential neo-Malthusian writings of three figures: journalist Robert Kaplan; Günther Baechler, the leading European researcher of the Environmental Conflicts Project (ENCOP); and Thomas Homer-Dixon of the University of Toronto.

ECSP invited Homer-Dixon, Peluso, and Watts to engage in a dialogue about how Violent Environments characterized Homer-Dixon’s work as well as the future of environmental security research.