The tragic situation in Darfur notwithstanding, this paper is premised on a post-conflict scenario that would result from the signing of a comprehensive peace agreement between the Government of Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Such an agreement would lead to the establishment of an inclusive new Government of National Unity (GONU), which  would in turn resolve episodes of violent “microconflict” in the rest of Sudan (e.g. in Darfur and Eastern Sudan). Another conjecture is that the nature of conflict in the Sudan has created a dual economic system – a vibrant economy in the north growing at an annual rate of 7.0% and a stagnant economy in the south that has borne the brunt of civil war. This last assumption  would be taken into consideration when identifying the challenges of post-conflict economic recovery and reconstruction in the Sudan.