ISIS

What Do Deteriorating Security Conditions Mean for Afghanistan’s Elections?

On April 22, the terror group ISIS claimed responsibility for an attack on a voter registration site in Kabul, Afghanistan, that killed nearly 60 people. The tragedy followed four other election-related attacks, including the abduction of three election workers in the central province of Ghor, over the last week.

This recent violence underscores the security challenges facing Afghanistan as it prepares to hold parliamentary elections in October.

UN Report on ISIS and Al Qaeda

ISIS continues to emphasize external attacks as a result of strategic military setbacks in Iraq and Syria in 2017, according to a January report from the UN Security Council Monitoring Team concerning the Islamic State (ISIS, ISIL, Da'esh) and al Qaeda. The team concluded that the al Qaeda network is resilient and its affiliates remain the primary terror threat in some regions, including Somalia and Yemen.

Secretary Tillerson's Middle East Tour

From February 11-16, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson met with officials in Egypt, Kuwait, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey during a tour of the Middle East. A highlight of Tillerson's trip was a ministerial meeting for the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS in Kuwait City, Kuwait. "The global coalition has made outstanding progress, but the fight is not over," the secretary said.

ISIS After the Caliphate

Updated Jan. 8, 2018

 

Turmoil Across the Middle East: What Does It Mean?

What should we make of the Middle East’s upheavals? In recent weeks, the Islamic State (ISIS) “caliphate” collapsed. Syria’s Assad regime all but won the six-year war, thus consolidating Iranian and Russian influence. Saudi Arabia purged parts of its royal family. Lebanon’s prime minister abruptly resigned. Iraq’s Kurds voted for independence, triggering confrontation with Baghdad. Years of U.S. and international engagement has failed to rebuild fractured countries, and the very viability of states like Iraq and Syria has been challenged.

Satoshi Ikeuchi: Impact of the Islamic State and Global Jihadism

Satoshi Ikeuchi, a Wilson Center Japan Scholar in the Asia Program from October to December of 2009, is an associate professor at the University of Tokyo Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology. His research at the Center focused on examining American Middle East policy in the initial months of the Obama administration.  Ikeuchi was a visiting fellow at the University of Cambridge in 2010. Prior to his time at the Center, he was an associate professor at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies.

US on the End of the Caliphate

On October 20, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) announced the liberation of Raqqa, Syria from the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, ISIL, or Daesh. ISIS seized Raqqa in early 2014 and declared it the capital of their caliphate. It was also a central hub for planning overseas terrorist attacks. The fight to liberate Raqqa began in June 2017 with U.S.-coalition airstrikes backing SDF ground operations. The SDF forces are composed of Arab, Kurdish and Assyrian militias. The following are statements by U.S. officials and the SDF on the liberation.

United States Policy and the Kurdistan Referendum: Compounding the Problem

Iraqi Kurds want their independence. Even before the referendum results were announced, we knew a majority of Kurds had voted for it; the only real question was which position would be taken by the minorities living in Kirkuk and other disputed territories. Not surprisingly, Iraq and other countries with Kurdish minorities—Turkey, Syria, and Iran – have condemned the referendum, fearing it will encourage their Kurds to follow the example.

The Sinai: Jihadism's Latest Frontline

Evan W. Burt

Updated November 2017
 

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