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Smart Take | Russia Takes Control of Bakhmut

May 25, 20232:23

Former US Army Brigadier General Peter Zwack talks about the high cost of the nine-month battle for Bakhmut, the low morale of Russian soldiers, and the undeterred resolve of the Ukrainians, who are likely to launch a counter-offensive in the near future.


Peter Zwack

Peter B. Zwack

Global Fellow;
Former U.S. Army Brigadier General, served in Moscow from 2012 to 2014 as the U.S. senior defense official and attaché to the Russian Federation

Brigadier General (Ret.) Peter B. Zwack writes as a Wilson Center Global Fellow at the Kennan Institute. In 1980 he began his 34-year U.S. Army career as an intelligence and security officer in a nuclear capable artillery battalion. Three decades later, he served as the U.S. Senior Defense Attaché to the Russian Federation during the challenging period of 2012–2014.

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Kennan Institute

The Kennan Institute is the premier US center for advanced research on Eurasia and the oldest and largest regional program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. The Kennan Institute is committed to improving American understanding of Russia, Ukraine, Central Asia, the South Caucasus, and the surrounding region though research and exchange.  Read more