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“With last-minute wrangling on a UK-EU trade deal to meet the December deadline, Boris Johnson will likely claim a win. Even though it will require close scrutiny to determine the details within the thousands of pages, we know that the Johnson government pushed for strategic autonomy (to use a well-known EU phrase) over market access. The end result will be a situation where British businesses will face new rules and red tape in January with limited preparation time as the recent chaos in Kent illustrated. That said, as the trade deal is published, we can look at the compromises on fish, aviation, road haulage and then realize that much work will continue in managing the treaty obligations. The deal will now have to be provisionally applied. The expectation is that the House of Commons will be given almost no scrutiny to review the deal. The Council can provisionally apply the deal by written procedure as it does not require a vote. That leaves the European Parliament which must give its assent to the agreement.”

About the Author

Michelle Egan

Michelle Egan

Global Fellow;
Professor and Jean Monnet Chair ad personam, School of International Service, American University
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Global Europe Program

The Global Europe Program addresses vital issues affecting the European continent, U.S.-European relations, and Europe’s ties with the rest of the world. It does this through scholars-in-residence, seminars, policy study groups, media commentary, international conferences and publications. Activities cover a wide range of topics, from the role of NATO, the European Union and the OSCE to European energy security, trade disputes, challenges to democracy, and counter-terrorism. The program investigates European approaches to policy issues of importance to the United States, including globalization, digital transformation, climate, migration, global governance, and relations with Russia and Eurasia, China and the Indo-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa.  Read more