USMCA at One
On June 30, the one-year anniversary of USMCA, the Wilson Center's Mexico and Canada Institutes held a conversation with the trade ministers from the United States, Mexico, and Canada The event focused on the biggest lessons learned from the first year of USMCA, as well as on the top priorities for North American collaboration in the years ahead.
The View from The Wilson Center
Ambassador Mark Green, President, Director and CEO of The Wilson Center
"If anything, the pandemic has reinforced the deeply interconnected nature of our economies and societies. It has shown us the risk of over reliance on supply chains, whose crucial links may run through far off lands. It is essential that we—government, private sector and civil society—learn from the pandemic, that we implement plans and policies that will help mitigate the impact of future disruptions, and that we recognize the value and potential for nearshoring, crucial sectors and important supply chains."
The View from Capitol Hill
Congressman Kevin Brady (R-TX)
"We have to as partners continue to address massive unfair subsidies dumping, IP theft, forced technology transfers, unscientific barriers to ag products, protectionist restrictions on data transfer, and then localization measures of all sorts. These are all the challenges, globally. I'm convinced that UMCA shows us a better way, with market principles, high standards, innovation and fair competition, and strong labor standards. I think USMCA challenges the world, to embrace the future rather than a protectionist, isolationist past."
The View from the United States
Ambassador Katherine Tai, United States Trade Representative:
"I take your point about the trade politics being difficult. They have been difficult, but look at USMCA as a high-standard agreement. I think 89% of House members voted for this agreement and it was 89 senators, which out of 100, gives you 89% there as well. That's really, I think, a transformation of some of our trade politics, and is the reason why I think USMCA really is transformational. Just as NAFTA started a trajectory of trade agreements for a generation, I think that USMCA is the beginning of a trajectory for a new generation of trade agreements."
"The USMCA now includes the strongest labor and environmental standards in any agreement ever, a new labor-specific enforcement mechanism, and critical changes to intellectual property provisions designed to increase access to affordable medicine for regular people."
The View from Mexico
Secretary Tatiana Clouthier Carrillo, Mexican Secretary of Economy:
"We’ve have worked hand in hand with the private sector and workers, women and men, that will be ready to carry out the implementation and to receive the benefits of reform. Also, we have carried out reforms to improve minimum wages, and to improve the scheme of profit distribution, and the free trade agreement has been very significant."
The View from Canada
The Honorable Mary Ng, Minister of Business, Export Promotion and International Trade, Canada
"By modernizing North American rules of trade and simplifying trade processes, our businesses are better able to meet the most pressing challenges of our time‑ from the pandemic to climate change. Our renewed commitment to the automobile industry in CUSMA is an excellent example of this. By working together under this new agreement, we're incentivizing North American production of zero-emission vehicles and turning our countries into global leaders in the clean energy vehicle market. This is about strengthening our long-term competitiveness, generating sustainable growth and creating good jobs across our countries."
Bound by common geopolitical interests and strong economic and cultural ties, Canada and the United States enjoy the world's most successful bilateral relationship. The Wilson Center's Canada Institute is the only public policy forum in the world dedicated to the full spectrum of Canada-U.S. issues. The Canada Institute is a global leader for policymakers, academics and business leaders to engage in non-partisan, informed dialogue about the current and future state of the relationship. Read more
The Mexico Institute seeks to improve understanding, communication, and cooperation between Mexico and the United States by promoting original research, encouraging public discussion, and proposing policy options for enhancing the bilateral relationship. A binational Advisory Board, chaired by Luis Téllez and Earl Anthony Wayne, oversees the work of the Mexico Institute. Read more