Nancy Sherman holds a B.A. magna cum laude with honors in Philosophy from Bryn Mawr College, an M. Litt. in philosophy from the University of Edinburgh, and a Ph.D. from Harvard in moral philosophy (1981), where she received Harvard's George Plympton Adams' Prize (1982) for the most distinguished Ph.D. thesis in the subject area of History of Philosophy.

Nancy served as the Inaugural Holder of the Distinguished Chair in Ethics for the U.S. Navy from January 1997 to June 1999. Shortly afterwards, she realized that in order to more clearly understand the ethical issues of the navy, she needed the framework of a "deep" moral psychology, and so she sought out research training in psychoanalysis at the Washington Psychoanalytic Institute. After five years, she completed that training, with certification from the American Psychoanalytic Association, as well as the Washington Institute's Gary O. Morris prize for the most distinguished essay (1999).

Nany's current work focuses on the moral psychology of soldiering. She is particularly interested in the moral emotions of being a warrior - the nature of a soldier's fear, anger, grief, regret, remorse, pride, shame, and revenge. Nancy was appointed University Professor at Georgetown in 2001,and before that was an assistant and associate professor of philosophy at Yale.