Some of the most biodiverse areas of the world are also some of the most underserved when it comes to health care. The “FOCUS” series of reports highlights population, health, and environment (PHE) projects around the world that work to address the health of communities and their natural resources to enable more sustainable development in remote, rapidly growing regions.

Issues in this Series

Issue 23: To Live With the Sea: Reproductive Health Care and Marine Conservation in Madagascar

Vik Mohan, Rebecca Hill, and Alasdair Harris
Blue Ventures' Vik Mohan, Rebecca Hill, and Alasdair Harris argue that their integrated approach, which combines reproductive health with conservation measures in Madagascar, offers communities--and the marine environment on which they depend--the best possible chances of survival.

Issue 22: Coffee and Community: Combining Agribusiness and Health in Rwanda

Irene Kitzantides
Author Irene Kitzantides describes the SPREAD Project's integration of agribusiness development with community health care and education, including family planning, in Rwanda.

Issue 21: Population, Health, and Environment in Ethiopia

Sean Peoples
Severely eroded and deforested, Ethiopia's land is increasingly turning to desert, due to the country's high population growth, unsustainable land use, and lack of land ownership. Featuring footage from Sean Peoples' trip to Ethiopia last year, this video looks at the efforts of two projects to address the country's complex challenges with integrated solutions.

Issue 20: Helping Hands: A Livelihood Approach to Population, Health, and Environment Programs

Gib Clarke
Gib Clarke argues that the population-health-environment (PHE) community must solidify its research base, reach out to new partners, and push for flexible funding and programming. In addition, he writes that PHE programs should add livelihoods as a critical element.

Issue 19: The Integration Imperative: How to Improve Development Programs by Linking Population, Health, and Environment

Roger-Mark De Souza
Author Roger-Mark De Souza provides some observations from his decade-long experience with emerging population-health-environment (PHE) projects around the world, and offers recommendations for future directions.

Issue 18: Forests for the Future: Family Planning in Nepal's Terai Region

Leona D'Agnes, Judy Oglethorpe, Sabita Thapa, Dhan Rai, and Tara Prasad Gnyawali
Farmers in rural Nepal are becoming front-line stewards of the environment—and advocates for integrated population-health-environment programs. The co-authors describe a World Wildlife Fund program that combines family planning and community-based forestry within Nepal's Terai region.

Issue 17: Sharing the Forest: Protecting Gorillas and Helping Families in Uganda

Dr. Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka and Lynne Gaffikin
Rapid population growth by Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in southwestern Uganda has pushed people to settle near gorilla habitat - sometimes leading to conflict. The innovative community development program, Conservation Through Public Health, seeks to conserve these magnificent animals, and at the same time, improve the quality of life for Ugandans living near Bwindi.

Issue 16: Poor Health, Poor Women: How Reproductive Health Affects Poverty

Margaret Greene
In research conducted for the World Bank, Thomas Merrick and Margaret E. Greene found that poor reproductive health outcomes have negative effects on overall health, and, in some cases, on education and household well-being.

Issue 15: Fishing for Families: Reproductive Health and Integrated Coastal Management in the Philippines

Leona D'Agnes and Joan Regina Castro
The Philippines' rapidly rising population has overwhelmed fisheries, bringing grinding poverty and malnutrition to many coastal communities. But a new approach to conservation may save families along with the fish and their habitats, say Joan Castro and Leona D'Agnes.

Issue 14: The Missing Links: Poverty, Population, and the Environment in Ethiopia

Mogues Worku
Ethiopia faces the dual challenges of environmental degradation and rapid population growth, but a new integrated approach to development could help improve the lives of millions, says Mogues Worku, executive director of The Environment and Development Society of Ethiopia.

Issue 13: Explorer les liens entre la conservation et la sante

Jane Goodall
Evoquant les 45 ans de mon étude sur les chimpanzés en Tanzanie, ce qui me fascine le plus, est de constater que la ligne de demarcation entre les êtres humaines et le reste du royaume animal, qui passait jadis pour être si marquée, s'est de plus en plus éstompée.

Issue 12: Lessons From the First Generation of Integrated Population, Health, and Environment Projects

John Pielemeier
In his review of the "first generation" of population-health-environment projects funded by USAID and the Packard Foundation, consultant John Pielemeier finds that integrated approaches provide positive outcomes.

Issue 11: Exploring the Links Between Conservation and Health

Jane Goodall
In this edited transcript, Jane Goodall focuses on two burgeoning problems rapidly depleting wildlife in Africa: the bushmeat trade and deforestation. Her institute combats deforestation by integrating community development, health care, and natural resource management.

Issue 10: Appreciating the Complexity and Dignity of People's Lives: Integrating Population-Health-Environment Research in Peten, Guatemala

Liza Grandia
From 1997-1999, a team of researchers developed a new environmental module for Guatemala's Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) that analyzed the rapidly changing population-environment dynamics in the Petén frontier region.

Experts & Staff