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Community-Based Approaches to Water and Sanitation: A Survey of Best, Worst, and Emerging Practices

Unsafe water and inadequate sanitation and hygiene in small rural communities throughout the developing world are some of the world’s most important, timely challenges. This review of small-scale and rural water, sanitation, and hygiene projects incorporates case studies that highlight best, worst, and emerging practices in the sector. Based on research and interviews with senior leaders at leading NGOs, this report recounts lessons learned primarily over the past two decades; illustrates these lessons by using case studies from the surveyed organizations; and concludes with a brief discussion of breakthrough practices identified by the surveyed NGOs.


About the Author

John Oldfield

Director, Partnership Development, Water Advocates
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Environmental Change and Security Program

The Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) explores the connections between environmental change, health, and population dynamics and their links to conflict, human insecurity, and foreign policy.  Read more