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This article summarizes five of the most common household water treatment and safe storage options—chlorination, filtration (biosand and ceramic), solar disinfection, combined filtration/chlorination, and combined flocculation/chlorination—and describes implementation strategies for each option. The authors identify the successes, challenges, and obstacles encountered in implementing projects.


Environmental Change and Security Program

The Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) explores the connections between environmental change, health, and population dynamics and their links to conflict, human insecurity, and foreign policy.  Read more