Managing Scarcity in the Euphrates-Tigris River Basin in the Age of Climate Change
As the Eastern Mediterranean emerges as a climate change hotspot, the Euphrates-Tigris Basin is being fundamentally altered. Basin countries urgently need to prepare for and adapt to these changes, but the region has long been consumed by disputes between Iraq, Syria, and Turkey on how to share its water resources. The status quo favors Turkey as the upstream hegemon, yet a lack of rules around river flows will have ramifications for all countries—amplifying the risk of diplomatic conflict, instability, and humanitarian crises. To avoid the worst impacts of climate change, the countries of the region should establish a trilateral institution and a basin-wide management framework.
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Middle East Program
The Wilson Center’s Middle East Program serves as a crucial resource for the policymaking community and beyond, providing analyses and research that helps inform U.S. foreign policymaking, stimulates public debate, and expands knowledge about issues in the wider Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Read more
Environmental Change and Security Program
The Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) explores the connections between environmental change, health, and population dynamics and their links to conflict, human insecurity, and foreign policy. Read more