A rapid drop in fertility rates can produce a demographic dividend, the economic growth unleashed when a society transitions from an age structure dominated by child dependents to one with a greater proportion of working-age adults. This huge boom in young adults can (if the right policies are in place) can be a boon to development and economic growth, which has caught the attention of African policymakers. But while some African countries have seen fertility rates fall sharply, including Botswana, South Africa, and Mauritius, rates have stayed persistently high in most of the continent.

In this paired policy brief and research paper, Southern Voices Network Scholar Eunice Mueni provides research and policy options on what African governments, international policymakers, and donors can do to encourage the voluntary fertility decline needed for a demographic dividend, and what they can learn from those African countries that have seen fertility rates fall.

Please see the policy brief and the full 8-page research paper linked below.

This publication was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. The statements made and views expressed in this paper are solely the responsibility of the author and do not represent the views of the Wilson Center or the Carnegie Corporation of New York.