The Hybridization of Security Sector Governance for Peace-Building and State-Building In Somalia
"The collapse of the Somali central government and the ensuing anarchy resulted in major insecurity that compelled the indigenous population to seek alternative means to safeguard its livelihood. This led to the proliferation of non-state security actors, the rise in their legitimacy, and the emergence of hybridized security sector governance. This paper argues for the use of hybridized security governance to consolidate peace and state building in contemporary Somalia and gives insight into how neighboring countries and the international community might support Somali efforts to preserve peace. It suggests that the Somalia Federal Government should decentralize security sector governance and integrate traditional justice remedies and local militias into the governance structure with well-articulated roles and a system of accountability."
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Daniel Kebede is a Ph.D. Candidate at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University. Prior to joining the Ph.D. program, Kebede was a former police commander who led District police and Police Departments in different capacities. He attended national and international trainings in policing, peacekeeping, community policing and local participatory governance. He also taught senior police officers at the Ethiopian Police University College. In addition, as part of police reform, he has chaired the police reform committee. Currently, he serves Addis Ababa University as a Director for University Standards, Safety and Security.
For more thoughts by Daniel Kebede, please visit our blog, Africa Up Close, here.
This is Research Paper No.2 of The Southern Voices Network publication series.
About the Author
The Africa Program works to address the most critical issues facing Africa and U.S.-Africa relations, build mutually beneficial U.S.–Africa relations, and enhance knowledge and understanding about Africa in the United States. The Program achieves its mission through in-depth research and analyses, including our blog Africa Up Close, public discussion, working groups, and briefings that bring together policymakers, practitioners, and subject matter experts to analyze and offer practical options for tackling key challenges in Africa and in U.S.-Africa relations. Read more