The massive outflow of Venezuelan citizens to other countries of Latin America and the Caribbean continues unabated, fueled by Venezuela’s economic collapse and repression of political dissent.  According to the United Nations, 2.3 million people—or 7 percent of Venezuela’s population—have fled the country, with more than 1.6 million having left since 2015.  The vast majority have gone to neighboring Colombia, straining the government’s ability to provide food, shelter, and medical care, but significant numbers have also entered Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, and Argentina.

Helping the region respond to the crisis of Venezuelan emigration is an urgent task for the international community.  This background memo provides basic information on the crisis, the scope of the needs, and the nature of the regional response thus far.