As we move further into a new century, the two most populous nations on earth, India and China, continue a long and tangled relationship. Given their contested border, their nuclear rivalry, their competition for influence in Asia, their growing economic relations, and their internal problems, interaction between these two powers will deeply affect not only stability and prosperity in the region, but also vital U.S. interests. Yet the dynamics of the Chinese-Indian relationship are little known to Americans.

This volume brings together scholars from political science, history, economics, international relations, and security studies to add depth to our understanding of India-China relations. Throughout, the contributors address three common questions: what are the similarities and differences between the two countries’ strategic cultures, domestic circumstances, and international environments? What are the broader international contexts for their bilateral relations? And what parallels and tensions exist between their national interests? U.S. policymakers, the academic community, and the informed public require fresh thinking and greater attention to India-China relations, as both countries promise to be of strategic importance to the United States in the decades ahead.

Francine R. Frankel is Madan Lal Sobti Professor of Advanced Indian Studies and director of the Center for the Advanced Study of India at the University of Pennsylvania. Harry Harding is dean of the Elliott School for International Affairs at George Washington University.


Ambassador Winston Lord and Ambassador Frank G. Wisner

Part I. Historical Overview
1. Introduction
Francine R. Frankel
2. Perception and China Policy in India
Steven A. Hoffmann
3. One-Sided Rivalry: China's Perceptions and Policies toward India
Susan Shirk

Part II. Dimensions of the India-China Relationship
4. India and China: Border Issues, Domestic Integration, and International Security
Sumit Ganguly
5. China and India in Asia
Ashley J. Tellis
6. The Nuclear and Security Balance
George Perkovich
7. Economic Reforms and Global Integration
T.N. Srinivasan
8. Convergent Chinese and Indian Perspective on the Global Order
James Cladd
9. Quiet Competition and the Future of Sino-Indian Relations
Mark W. Frazier

Part III. Implications for the United States
10. The Evolution of the Strategic Triangle: China, India, and the United States
Harry Harding


“The publication takes a multidisciplinary approach and has inputs from political science, history, economics, international relations and security studies.… The book also focuses on the broader international contexts for the bilateral relations between China and India.”—Indus Business Journal

“[A]n important book…should be read by policy-makers”—Arnold Beichman, Sunday Times, Washington DC

“This excellent collection…fills a gap in the literature on Asia’s international relations.… Highly recommended.”—Choice