COVID-19 and the Northern Border
The Canada Institute is bringing together a panel of expert speakers for a video conference briefing to give an update on the novel Coronavirus and how Canada and the United States are working together during this crisis. During the call, speakers will discuss the details of the temporary border agreement and the impact this has on trade between our two nations.
In the wake of the novel Coronavirus outbreak, Canada and the United States agreed to temporarily restrict all non-essential travel across their shared border for the first time since September 11, 2001. This new agreement, enacted in order to protect the health and safety of their citizens, restricts travel for tourism and recreation and allows for the continuation of business travel crucial to our integrated supply chains.
Currently, $2.7 billion worth of goods crosses the Canada-U.S. border every day; yet, with markets plummeting, business closures, and an increase in unemployment, we may be headed for continued economic downturn. How is COVID-19 affecting businesses on both sides of the border? How long can we expect this to last? And what else can be done to maintain our strong economic ties?
The Canada Institute brought together a panel of expert speakers for a briefing to give an update on the novel Coronavirus and how Canada and the United States are working together during this crisis. The speakers discussed the details of the temporary border agreement and the impact COVID-19 has on trade between the two nations.
“But instead we saw in effect a compromise solution that recognized the importance of keeping the supply chain open, given the integrated continental production platforms that we built up between Canada and the United States, and among Canada and the United States and Mexico.”
“…as we look forward, I think a couple of things, the experience for the most part, the reports that we saw reported by our colleagues at specific points on the northern U.S. border, the southern Canadian border, show that in fact people have been cooperating, that we did not see a panic, or confusion, but rather the way in which the way the governments have handled it have set the stage for actually going much further…”
“If in fact the large issue that we face across Canada and the United States, as well as across the world is, how do we actually restart the economy?”
“For the first time I think we can say that instead of being an area of conflict and of dissension and division, the border may have pointed the way to the kind of cooperation, the kind of balanced approach, that may well be an example for our countries to employ even beyond the border region.”
“What we’re seeing is cooperative border management in a way that reflects the work that took place between the Canadian and U.S. government, on the northern U.S. border, and between the Mexican and U.S. government on the southern border over the last 25 years.”
“In the Buffalo-Niagra region, which extends from Buffalo New York all the way up through Toronto, there are 4 main land crossings and for 3 of them… when compared to this time last year, passenger traffic is down 97%, Bus traffic is down 100%, and commercial traffic, truck traffic, is down over 30% when compared to the same time period from last year.”
“What that means is that in our region, …industries that rely on cross border trade and travel and investment and consumerism are going to be heavily impacted and in this particular region that it really is tourism.”
“Since April 1st, traffic has declined through the tunnel (the Detroit-Windsor tunnel) by 88% compared to last year this time. At the ambassador bridge vehicles are down 52% through the end of March.”
“What is different about the Pacific Northwest compared to, say, both Buffalo/Niagara and Detroit/Windsor is that…less than five percent of people crossing the border here are crossing to work. So, because so much discretionary travel happens here and because so much of that discretionary travel is Canadians—about 75-80% is Canadians coming over the border—we are pretty concerned…that that discretionary spending is not going to come back very quickly once the border restrictions are lifted.”
“I think in Washington, we saw the value of the stay-at-home order very early because we had community transmission. It didn’t feel like it was sort of placed on us as a preventative measure; it was clearly needed. But I will say that now that it’s been a month, there is sort of a feeling of—maybe this is the nation as a whole— ‘when are we going to get back to the lives we had before this happened?’”
“That decline in demand is really, I think, what’s driving shifts in the supply chain more than the border restrictions themselves.”
“I hope that this kind of situation, particularly for those that are operating on a border area, draws people’s attention to the importance of our relationship with Canada and the importance of that border and the importance of communication and having those strengthened relationships.”
“The air environment is actually quite fascinating because while the passenger side of things has declined over 90%...[for] the flights themselves…the decline is not as substantial in terms of number of aircraft movement. And that’s partly because cargo has really filled the void.”
“One of the interesting things, and perhaps a lesson for future recovery, is that you do have flights from China starting up again because of the lifting of restrictions. And as different countries look at flattening the curve, we’re seeing 100% full flights coming from China—on the way back not so much, because the threat that’s now being looked at is how do you deal with the second or third wave? In fact, all new cases in China are from foreign sources coming back into China.So that will be a challenge to manage as well until we have a vaccine for Covid-19.”
“What’s needed in terms of lessons learned is the sooner we get to a set of standards in terms of what will reassure the travelling public that it is, in fact, safe to fly by air once again. That seems like it’s far from now, but that is also a reality that the last thing trade, travel, tourism will deal well with is different kinds of forms, requirements, and measures ahead.”
“We need to look at the people side, the process side, and, of course, how technology can help us be able to deal with the threats we face.”
Alan D. Bersin
Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Chief Diplomatic Officer for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Policy, and Vice President of INTERPOL for the Americas Region
Research Associate Professor of Law and Planning, University at Buffalo
Director, Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University
Bound by common geopolitical interests and strong economic and cultural ties, Canada and the United States enjoy the world's most successful bilateral relationship. The Wilson Center's Canada Institute is the only public policy forum in the world dedicated to the full spectrum of Canada-U.S. issues. The Canada Institute is a global leader for policymakers, academics and business leaders to engage in non-partisan, informed dialogue about the current and future state of the relationship. Read more