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The United States government has historically used sanctions as a response to foreign governments, and in recent years, has imposed them on some war-affected African countries. The U.S. Department of Treasury imposed targeted sanctions on officials from the Government of South Sudan. However, there is debate on the effectiveness of sanctions and their potentially deleterious effects on the population.  

In this paper, Dr. Jok Madut Jok provides an overview of the application of sanctions and addresses key challenges associated with them, using South Sudan as a case study. Dr. Jok further analyzes the implications of targeted sanctions. He provides recommendations for how international policymakers, such as the United States and European Union, could better support state institutions by helping build sustainable peace, stability, and goodwill among citizens, in place of sanctions.

About the Author

Jok Madut Jok

Jok Madut Jok

Assistant Professor of History, Loyola Marymount University
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Africa Program

The Africa Program works to address the most critical issues facing Africa and U.S.-Africa relations, build mutually beneficial U.S.–Africa relations, and enhance knowledge and understanding about Africa in the United States. The Program achieves its mission through in-depth research and analyses, including our blog Africa Up Close, public discussion, working groups, and briefings that bring together policymakers, practitioners, and subject matter experts to analyze and offer practical options for tackling key challenges in Africa and in U.S.-Africa relations.    Read more