This rigorous comparative study of national identity in Japan, South Korea, and China examines countries with long histories influenced by Confucian thought, surging nationalism, and far-reaching ambitions for regional importance. East Asian National Identities compares national identities in terms of six dimensions encompassing ideology; history; the salience of cultural, political, and economic factors; superiority as a model national community; displacement of the U.S. in Asia; and depth of national identity. Through this analysis, Gilbert Rozman draws the three countries together in an East Asian National Identity Syndrome. Other contributors review historical sources and critical themes of identity in all three countries. Contributors include professors of sociology, international relations, and political science in the United States, Japan, South Korea, and China.

This book, the first of three volumes edited by Gilbert Rozman for Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Stanford University Press, is followed by National Identities and Bilateral Relations: Widening Gaps in East Asia and Chinese Demonization of the United States (2013) and The Sino-Russian Challenge to the World Order: National Identities, Bilateral Relations, and East versus West in the 2010s (2014).

Gilbert Rozman is the Musgrave Professor of Sociology at Princeton University. He was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center in 2010–11.


Part I. The Six-Dimensional Approach
Gilbert Rozman
1 Japanese National Identity: A Six-Dimensional Analysis
Gilbert Rozman
2 South Korean National Identity: A Six-Dimensional Analysis
Gilbert Rozman
3 Chinese National Identity: A Six-Dimensional Analysis
Gilbert Rozman
4 The East Asian National Identity Syndrome 
Gilbert Rozman

Part II. The Evolution of National Identities and the Impact of Diplomatic Challenges
Gilbert Rozman
5 Japanese National Identity: Evolution and Prospects 
Kazuhiko Togo
6 Japan’s National Identity in Postwar Diplomacy: The Three Basic Principles
Yuichi Hosoya
7 Korean National Identity: Evolutionary Stages and Diplomatic Challenges
Gilbert Rozman and Andrew Kim
8 Unraveling National Identity in South Korea: Minjok and Gukmin
Chung-in Moon
9 China’s National Identity and Foreign Policy: Continuity amid Transformation
Jin Linbo
10. China’s National Identity in Diplomacy: Noninterference in Internal Affairs
Ming Wan


“The book is a very good overview of issues related to national identity in Japan, South Korea, and China. The six-dimensional analysis offers a novel approach to the study of national identity, and the comparative study should be commended.”—Gi-Wook Shin, Director, Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center

“[T]he book is distinctive as a systematic, comparative, regionally focused, and comprehensive study. . . . Recommended.”—X. Li, CHOICE